Over 20 million Nigerian households (est. 120 million people) rely on their livestock for nutrition and a large percent of that depend on their livestock for income and to sustain their livelihood. In Nigeria, women are key stakeholders in poultry and small ruminants value chains. Livestock diseases and their related costs of management are ranked as the biggest economic threat to the livelihood of poor rural farmers and livestock owners. Among these diseases, Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) and Newcastle Disease (ND) are two of the most impacting ones in Nigeria. PPR affects small ruminants’ populations, mainly sheep and goats. The annual global damage due to PPR is estimated to be between $1.4 and $2.1 billion in Nigeria. On the other hand, ND affects domestic poultry and other bird species and is characterised as highly virulent, with extremely high morbidity and mortality rates, especially in chickens (100% and 90%, respectively). In Nigeria, ND is seen as the major constraint to poor farmers adopting poultry-keeping as an economic activity, because of its ability to wipe out whole flocks of chickens.
With increasing climate variability and change, livestock migration is increasingly common, and with it comes transboundary diseases requiring that countries strengthen their disease surveillance and control systems. This is especially true in semi-arid northern parts of Nigeria, where herds are far more mobile, increasing the risk of disease transmission. To mitigate this, support to the smallholder livestock owners is critical to enabling affordability and access to animal protein for a large proportion of the population, and to women empowerment.
Ikore, together with a consortium of 4 other international and governmental organizations namely CIRAD, IZSVE and NVRI, are working together with funding from the European Union to carry out the Livestock Disease Surveillance Knowledge Integration (LIDISKI) project, a 4-year project, which aims at contributing to reaching the SDGs with the global objective of improving the livelihoods of smallholder livestock farmers in Nigeria in the face of climate change. More specifically, LIDISKI aims at improving food security and increasing the revenue of the targeted populations.
Through this project we will:
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